Ganglion cysts (also called synovial cyst) are noncancerous lumps that most commonly develop along the tendons or joints of your wrists or hands. It is the second most common condition that is encountered in the hand. Ganglion cysts are typically round or oval and are filled with a jellylike fluid. Small ganglion cysts can be pea-sized, while larger ones can be around an inch (2.5 centimeters) in diameter.
Most cases of ganglion cysts do not have any associated symptoms, pain or weaknesses. However, in certain cases this large bump can cause localized pain with movement of the wrist because it pushes on adjacent structures which normally aren’t supposed to be pushed on.
If the cyst is painful, interferes with function, or has an unacceptable appearance, there are several treatment options available.
Most ganglions form a visible lump, however, smaller ganglions can remain hidden under the skin.
The lumps associated with ganglion cysts can be characterized by:
IF YOU ARE SUFFERING FROM SYMPTOMS OF GANGLION CYSTS AND EVALUATING YOUR TREATMENT OPTIONS, SCHEDULE A CONSULTATION WITH DR. DANIEL DURAND TODAY.
It is not known what triggers the formation of a ganglion. They are most common in younger people between the ages of 15 and 40 years, and women are more likely to be affected than men. These cysts are also common among gymnasts, who repeatedly apply stress to the wrist.
Ganglion cysts that develop at the end joint of a finger — also known as mucous cysts — are typically associated with arthritis in the finger joint, and are more common in women between the ages of 40 and 70 years.
These ganglion cysts in the wrist are most often diagnosed by history and clinical examination. During the physical exam, Dr. Durand may apply pressure to the cyst to test for tenderness or discomfort. He may try to shine a light through the cyst to determine if it’s a solid mass or filled with fluid.
Dr. Durand might also recommend imaging tests — such as X-rays, ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) — to rule out other conditions, such as arthritis or a tumor. MRIs and ultrasounds also can locate hidden (occult) cysts.
A ganglion cyst diagnosis may be confirmed by aspiration, a process in which Dr. Durand uses a needle and syringe to draw out (aspirate) the fluid in the cyst. Fluid from a ganglion cyst will be thick and clear or translucent.
WHEN SEEKING A DIAGNOSIS OR TREATMENT, IT’S BETTER TO SEE A DOCTOR SOONER RATHER THAN LATER. ONCE A CONDITION IS SEVERE, THE DISEASES ARE MORE DIFFICULT TO CORRECT. EARLY INTERVENTION IS KEY TO AVOIDING PERMANENT DAMAGE. DEPENDING ON YOUR DIAGNOSIS, NONSURGICAL TREATMENT MAY BE AN OPTION.
Ganglion cysts are often painless, requiring no treatment. Dr. Durand may suggest a watch-and-wait approach. If the cyst is causing pain or interfering with joint movement, he may recommend:
NOT ALL HAND AND WRIST CONDITIONS REQUIRE SURGICAL SOLUTIONS. OTHER TREATMENT OPTIONS ARE AVAILABLE FOR LESS SEVERE ISSUES.IF YOU’VE BEEN EXPERIENCING GANGLION CYSTS SYMPTOMS, SCHEDULE AN APPOINTMENT WITH DR. DANIEL DURAND TODAY!
Dr. Durand will take the time to carefully outline the various options available to you along with the benefits and risks associated with each procedure during your comprehensive one-on-one consultation.